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Turkish Language Levels (CEFR)


Welcome to the "Levels" page, where you can explore the differences and capabilities associated with the A1, A2, B1, and B2 levels of Turkish proficiency. Whether you're a language learner or simply interested in understanding the progression of Turkish language skills, this page will provide you with valuable insights.

A1 level
A2 level
B1 level
B2 level
A1 level - Beginner

A1 level

At Turkish A1 level, you will be introduced to the fundamentals of the Turkish language. This stage focuses on basic vocabulary and simple sentence structures. By the end of this level, you will have the ability to engage in basic conversations, understand and use common expressions, and ask and answer simple questions about personal details, such as your name, nationality, and hobbies.  

Main grammar topics in A1 level;

Alphabet & Sounds

Vowel Harmony

Locative Case -DA

There is/are var/yok

Pronoun Suffixes

Present Continuous Tense -Iyor

Comitative/Instrumental Case (y)lA / ile

Ablative & Dative Case DAn & -(y)A 

Accusative Case (y)I


Past Tense DI

Future Tense AcAK



A2 level

Moving on to the A2 level, you will build upon the foundation established in the A1 level. This stage delves deeper into grammar and vocabulary, allowing you to express yourself more confidently. You will expand your knowledge of conversational Turkish, improve your listening and reading comprehension, and become capable of discussing everyday topics, such as family, work, habits, and daily routines.

Main grammar topics in A2 level;

Revision  of all A1 level tenses


Past Continuous Tense -Iyordu

Long Possessives

Imperative for 3rd person

Present Simple (Aorist) Tense -Ar -Ir -r 

Before & After + Verb 

Obligation malı/meli

Necessity lazım & gerek

Can & Can't -Abil

Past Tense -mIş
Reported Speech


A2 level - Elementary

B1 level

Reaching the B1 level signifies a significant advancement in your Turkish language skills. At this stage, you will acquire a broader range of vocabulary and refine your grammar. You will be able to engage in more complex conversations, express opinions, and participate in discussions related to various subjects, including current events, cultural topics, and personal experiences. Additionally, you will enhance your reading and listening skills, enabling you to understand Turkish texts and media with greater ease.

Main grammar topics in B1 level;

Time Phrases


Relative Clauses (y)An & DIK

Conditionals sA

Emphatic Words

Conditionals with other tenses

Gerund & Infinitive

Reflexive Verbs


Post Positions

B1 level - Pre-intermediate

B2 level

The B2 level represents a high level of proficiency in Turkish. At this stage, you will have a wide range of vocabulary and an advanced understanding of grammar structures. You will be able to communicate fluently and spontaneously, participate in debates, and give presentations. Additionally, you will have the ability to comprehend complex written materials, such as news articles, literature, and academic texts, and engage in in-depth discussions on a variety of topics.

Main grammar topics in B2 level;


Passive Voice

Compound Tenses


Adverbial Clauses


B2 level - Intermediate
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